- If a person has an estate that will not be subject to estate tax at death, his or her attorney needs are different than that of a person’s whose estate will be subject to estate tax. If the estate is not going to be taxed, what a person needs is a reasonably priced attorney who has some experience in estate planning, is a clear and concise draftsperson, is trustworthy, and is a person that the client likes working with.
- If one has a taxable estate, a tax specialist is required. An attorney with an LLM in Taxation, or who teaches estate tax at a law school, or who publishes articles on sophisticated tax matters would be a good choice. An attorney at a large law firm is more likely to have the ability to focus on that tax law and develop an expertise than an attorney at a smaller firm that has to do a little bit of everything.
- Though an attorney’s hourly rate is important, the real question one should ask is “how much will it cost to complete my estate plan?” Often, high hourly rate attorneys are involved in developing tax planning strategy reviewing documents before signing; drafting is pushed down to younger attorneys with lower rates. And a few hours of a high hourly rate tax specialist can pay for itself many times over.
- In addition, ask “what will you accomplish for that fee?” An attorney can draft a Will and trust at a low fee, but if he or she fails to fund the living trust, or check beneficiary designations for life insurance and retirement plan assets, or coordinate title to assets so that they pass as one desires, or include health care powers as part of the job, a person can end up with estate planning documents but without an estate plan. If a fee quote is significantly less than others, it’s likely because the attorney isn’t going to prepare a complete plan for that fee.
- If the goal is for the estate planning attorney to assist the family in the administration of the estate, a lawyer who is 10 years younger than the client may be a good fit. If that attorney works at a firm with others in the estate planning practice (rather than on his or her own), if the attorney does retire there are others who can assist.
- The estate planning attorney will become the repository of your family’s deepest secrets – so be sure the attorney has a reputation for keeping confidences.
- Make sure the attorney has a reputation for responsiveness, follow-through and is someone who you’ll enjoy working with. An ability to explain difficult concepts in “plain English” is important. For clients with large estates, creativity is key.
- Checking three references for the attorney before making the hiring decision is a best course of action.
- “Ratings” services can give some direction to the hiring decision. A member of ACTEC is almost certain to be skilled. A “Super Lawyer” or “Best Lawyer” designation is not as certain, but is suggestive that the attorney will be knowledgeable. Some who is certified by their State bar association as an estate planning “specialist” is likely to be effective.
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